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Advances in Production Engineering & Management

Archives > Volume 13 | Number 3 | September 2018 > pp 307–320

Advances in Production Engineering & Management
Volume 13 | Number 3 | September 2018 | pp 307–320


Change-point estimation for repairable systems combining bootstrap control charts and clustering analysis: Performance analysis and a case study
Yang, Z.J.; Du, X.J.; Chen, F.; Chen, C.H.; Tian, H.L.; He, J.L.

Complex repairable systems with bathtub-shaped failure intensity will normally go through three periods in the lifecycle, which requires maintenance policies and management decisions accordingly. Therefore, the accurate estimation of change points of different periods has great significance. This paper addresses the challenge of change-point estimation in failure processes for repairable systems, especially for sustained and gradual processes of change. The paper proposes a sectional model composed of two non-homogeneous Poisson processes (NHPPs) to describe the bathtub-shaped failure intensity. In order to obtain the accurate change-point estimator, a novel hybrid method is developed combining bootstrap control charts with the sequential clustering approach. Through Monte Carlo simulations, the proposed change-point estimation method is compared with two powerful estimation procedures in various conditions. The results suggest that the proposed method performs effective and satisfactory for failure processes with no limits of distributions, changing ranges and sampling schemes. It especially provides higher precision and lower uncertainty in detecting small shifts of change. Finally, a case study analysing real failure data from a heavy-duty CNC machine tool is presented. The parameters of the proposed NHPP model are estimated. The change point of the early failure period and the random failure period is also calculated. These findings can contribute to determining the burn-in time in order to improve the reliability of the machine tool.

A R T I C L E   I N F O
Keywords • Change-point estimation; CNC machine tools; Non-homogeneous Poisson process (NHPP); Statistical process control (SPC); Bathtub-shape behaviour; Clustering
Corresponding authorChen, F.; Chen, C.H.
Article history • Received 17 September 2017, Revised 27 August 2018, Accepted 29 August 2018
Published on-line • 21 September 2018

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