Archives > Volume 13 | Number 1 | March 2018 > pp 18–30
Advances in Production Engineering & Management
Volume 13 | Number 1 | March 2018 | pp 18–30
Prediction of surface roughness in the ball-end milling process using response surface methodology, genetic algorithms, and grey wolf optimizer algorithm
Sekulic, M.; Pejic, V.; Brezocnik, M.; Gostimirović, M.; Hadzistevic, M.
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A B S T R A C T
In this research study proposed are a response surface methodology (RSM), genetic algorithm (GA) and a grey wolf optimizer (GWO) algorithm for prediction of surface roughness in ball-end milling of hardened steel. The RSM is a conventional predicting approach, GA is an evolutionary algorithm and GWO is a new swarm intelligence-based algorithm. Spindle speed, feed per tooth, axial depth and radial depth of cut were selected as input parameters. Experiments were performed on a CNC milling center and experimental data were collected based on a four-factor-five-level central composite design (CCD). RSM was applied for establishing the basic relationship between input parameters and surface roughness. After that analysis of variance (ANOVA) was conducted for the evaluation of the proposed mathematical model. A predefined reduced quadratic model was used as a reference model for a build-up of predictive models using GA and GWO algorithm. Predicted values of RSM, GA and GWO models are compared with experimental results. In the comparison of model performance for all the three models it was found that GWO model is the best solution. The model accuracy was found to be at 91.80 % and 89.58 % for training and testing data, respectively, which showed the effectiveness of the GWO algorithm for modeling machining processes.
A R T I C L E I N F O
Keywords • Ball-end milling; Surface roughness; Response surface methodology (RSM); Genetic algorithm (GA); Grey wolf optimizer algorithm (GWO)
Corresponding author • Sekulic, M.
Article history • Received 21 November 2017, Revised 28 January 2018, Accepted 15 February 2018
Published on-line • 12 March 2018
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