Archives > Volume 14 | Number 3 | September 2019 > pp 343–354
Advances in Production Engineering & Management
Volume 14 | Number 3 | September 2019 | pp 343–354
Evaluation of the sustainability of the micro-electrical discharge milling process
Pellegrini, G.; Ravasio, C.
ABSTRACT AND REFERENCES (PDF) |
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A B S T R A C T
The sustainability evaluation of an industrial process is an actual issue: a process should not only grant part quality and high production rates at the lowest cost, but it should minimize its impact on the environment as well. Micro-EDM (Electrical Discharge Machining) is widely used in micro machining for its small force and high precision and environmental aspects related this technology are taken into account. In this paper, an evaluation of the micro-ED milling process concerning the sustainability manufacturing was made. For this purpose, a method to assess the sustainability process was developed, taking into account the energetic consumption, the environmental impact, the dielectric consumption, the wear of the electrode and the machining performance. This method was applied for the execution of micro-pockets using two workpiece materials, two types of electrode and five types of dielectric, both liquid and gaseous. This analysis permits the identification of the critical aspects of the micro-ED milling process form the point of view of the sustainability. The comparison between the different solutions in terms of electrode material and dielectric underlines interesting considerations about the usage of non-traditional dielectrics. As regards electrode material, the environmental impact process when brass electrode is adopted is lower than tungsten carbide electrode. As concerns dielectric, water reveals to be the most sustainable dielectric; vegetable oil and oxygen, proved to be valid substitutes to traditional dielectrics under several viewpoints, including sustainability.
A R T I C L E I N F O
Keywords • Electrical discharge machining (EDM); Micro-electrical discharge machining (micro-EDM); Micro-electrical discharge milling (micro-ED milling); Sustainability; Sustainability index; Dielectric fluid
Corresponding author • Ravasio, C.
Article history • Received 29 May 2019, Revised 13 September 2019, Accepted 16 September 2019
Published on-line • 30 September 2019
E X P O R T C I T A T I O N
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